The treatment of food allergies can seem complex, just like the diagnosis. Some allergies need to be treated immediately as they can prove fatal if neglected for long. Food allergies can be treated from different dimensions at the same time, such as eliminating the problem causing food or allergens from the diet completely, strengthening the patient nutritionally and modifying the patient’s immune response. It must be remembered that in a food allergy treatment the patient has to be actively involved as it is a very individual problem. The patient has to become well-informed and make the necessary lifestyle changes.
The treatment depends on the type of allergen and the severity of the reaction. In the case of Type-I food allergies, the patient is aware of how to handle allergies but he / she should be taught how to handle an allergic reaction in the case of an accidental exposure.
The patient has to completely avoid the food with the harmful allergens causing the allergic reaction. For this, the patient will have to get help from family and friends as well. Food labels should be well read to see that the allergen is not present in packaged food. It is also important to be careful at restaurants or when invited for a meal to someone’s house. It would be essential to ask the hosts about the ingredients as prevention.
Those who suffer from Type-I should learn how to recognize the symptoms and treat the reactions. They should keep an allergy kit handy with epinephrine and anti histamine medication, in case of emergencies.
On the other hand, there is no medication available for the treatment of type III. There is a delayed pattern of allergy and it covers a vast spectrum of illnesses in various organ systems which in the long run become chronic. The delayed pattern of immune response to food results in patients having symptoms of both specific diseases and non-specific syndromes. The food allergy is actually concealed in illnesses such as migraines, asthma, eczema, depression, joint pain, irritable bowel syndrome, etc.
Type-III needs no acute medication. The physician will treat the various illnesses such as headaches, migraines, IBS, etc. which are caused by the allergy. There is no medicine available for these allergies. The offending food should be avoided and the physician may put the patient on a rotation diet. This form of treatment may be successful in improving the symptoms in the long run.
Despite thousands of proven cases, the medical fraternity is yet to recognize Type-III as an important disease and hence there are no proper guidelines for its treatment. In the treatment of all types of the patient must realize that he has to play the most important part along with medication and the doctor’s guidance. Probiotics and the treatment of the leaky gut are among the most common ways of curing Type-III food allergy patients.
Other than completely avoiding the offending food, the physician may put the patient on a “rotation diet”. In this diet, the offending foods are completely eliminated and all other food should be rotated and eaten at intervals of four to five days. This is because Type-III food allergies are not only acquired (meaning the patient may not have been allergic to a type of food in the past) but are also related. There are various methods of desensitizing the patient in the treatment of food allergy Type-III.